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Throat Cancer Risk Factors   

Many risk factors are suspected in the development of throat cancer; the most common include:  

  • Poor dental hygiene ;  
  • Age – throat cancer mainly affects people between 50 and 70 years;  
  • Sex - men are nearly ten times more victim of throat cancer than women; 
  • Chemicals - exposure to sulfuric acid fumes and asbestos, toxic vapors of organic substances/chemicals can lead to occurrence of throat cancer. 
  • Diet - eating a diet rich in hot, irritating and acidic foods, but low in fruits and vegetables increases your risk of throat cancer.  
  • Gastroesophageal Reflux Disease (GERD) - prolonged irritation associated with chronic gastroesophageal reflux can cause the development of cancers of the esophagus and larynx. 
  • Throat Injury - if you abuse your vocal cords (if you're a singer for example), you can develop benign polyps in your throat, which can become cancerous if not treated.  
  • Alcohol - a moderate consumption of alcohol is safe; heavy consumption, however, can double your risk of developing cancer of the throat. When alcohol is associated with tobacco, the risk is considerably increased.  
  • Human papillomavirus – it is shown in some studies that chronic infection with HPV can cause formation of cancerous cells in the throat. . Without effective treatment, the virus will bind to the larynx and causes later formation of tumors called laryngeal papillomas, which can develop into cancer. 
  • Weakened immune system - if your immune system is weakened, you are susceptible to be a victim of many types of cancers including throat cancer. Factors that can weaken your immune system are numerous, the most common include: 

a)    HIV/ SIDA 

b)    stress  

c)    Poor diet 

d)    malnutrition  

e)    taking immunosuppressive drugs after an organ transplant  

f)    Cancer treatments such as chemotherapy and radiation.  



           Throat Cancer Causes                                     Throat Cancer Symptoms