Lymphoma refers to any
type of cancer that
affects a group of immune system cells called
lymphocytes. There are many types, but the main ones
are Hodgkin lymphoma (HL) and
non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL). T-cell Lymphoma is a subtype of NHL.
Some lymphomas are changing rapidly
and must be treated earliest possible to avoid fetal consequence. Others are slow growing and can be kept under control by
regular monitoring. It is now possible to
cure some form of lymphomas.
T-cell lymphoma, also known
as T-cellleukemia,is an
aggressive type of T-cell lymphoma in which
the cancerous T cells are found in
the peripheral blood stream.
It is a rare cancer in North America, and more common in Asian countries
such as Japan and China, where human T
lymphotropic virus (HTLV-I) infection is more common. The HTLV-1 infection increases the risk
for people to develop T-cell
T-cell lymphoma is classed in 4 categories:
Extranodal T cell lymphoma, a
cutaneous form of cutaneous lymphoma, commonly found in Korea.
Cutaneous T cell lymphomas, a type
of cancer of the immune system, in which the cancerous T cells migrate to the skin, causing formation
Anaplastic large cell lymphoma,
one of the more common subtypes of T-cell lymphoma which affects the lymphatic
Angioimmunoblastic T cell lymphoma,
an aggressive (fast-growing) form of subtype T-cell lymphoma which also affects the blood or lymph
T-cell lymphoma Causes and Risk Factors
There are different forms of lymphoma, and the causes and risk factors
are divers. Lymphocytes are cells of the immune
system; that is, they are part of the white
blood cells. They are produced by the bone marrow, spleen, thymus
and lymph nodes. There are classified in
two groups: B cells, which secrete antibodies; and T cells, which play the role of natural defense of the body
to attack pathogens, microorganisms for instance, directly.
T-cell Lymphoma occurs when the T cells begin to multiply uncontrollably without dying by
Common risk factors
of T-celllymphoma include:
lymphoma can occur at any age, from early
adulthood to old age.
Gender – The cancer
is slightly more common in men than in
Location - T-cell lymphoma
is diagnosed mostly in people of southern Japan, central
Africa and the Caribbean, although some irregularcases
are occasionallydiagnosed in
some other parts of the world.
the cancer are diagnosed
in individuals who were infected with T-cell lymphotropic
virus human type I (HTLV-1),
although patients carrying the HTLV-1 rarely develop T-cell lymphoma. Even when happens, it can take a long time
before the tumor develops.
Symptoms and Treatment