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Non-Hodgkin's Lymphoma Risk Factors

The causes leading to the development of Non-Hodgkin's lymphoma are not well known; however factors are suspected.   

  • AIDS / HIV - those with AIDS / HIV are at high risk of having lymphoma. In addition, people who have weakened immune system due to certain conditions such as malnutrition and Immunosuppression are at risk.   
  • Age - non-Hodgkin's lymphoma is more common among people in their 60s or older.  
  • Genetic  - genetic factors may predispose you to have non-Hodgkin's lymphoma; the risk is even higher if you live in a carcinogenic environment.    
  • Infection  - certain viral and bacterial infections are suspected in the development of non-Hodgkin's lymphoma:   

a)    helicobacter pylori  

b)    hepatitis C virus  

c)    Epstein-Barr virus  

d)    HTLV-1 (Human T lymphoma / leukemia virus) 

e)    herpes virus - HHV 6 and HHV 8.  


Some immunosuppressive diseases: 

  • lupus   
  • sarcoidosis   
  • scleroderma   
  • Celiac Disease   
  • Hashimoto's thyroiditis   
  • rheumatoid arthritis   
  • Sjogren's Syndrome.  


          Causes                                                              Symptoms