Liver Cancer Stages
the diagnosis is confirmed, your doctor will determine the stage of the cancer. Staging the cancer is an
important step; it helps your health care provider to choose the most effective treatment. In general, the stage
of liver cancer is determined by the size of the tumor and its degree of spread within your body. To confirm
with certainty the stage of a liver cancer, your physician may perform surgery, additional testing or removal of
some lymph nodes near the tumor.
There are several methods
used to define the stage of a liver cancer. The most common is the use of Roman numerals I, II, III and IV,
which reads as stage I, stage II, stage III, stage IV. A higher number indicates a more serious liver
- carcinoma in situ (CIS) – also called stage 0, carcinoma in situ is the
genesis of the cancer
- at stage 1, the cancer is located in the liver
without invading any blood vessels.
- Stage II
– at this stage, the
grown to affect nearby blood vessels; the cancer can be multiple small tumors in your liver.
- Stage III – the size of the tumor has increased; the cancer has
spread to nearby
blood vessels, and/or nearby organs such as gallbladder.
- Stage IV – at stage 4, the cancer has formed several
tumors in the liver, and has spread from the liver to remote sites.