Endometrial cancer, also called
uterine cancer, is a malignant tumor (cancer) that develops in the cells of the endometrium, the tissue lining
the uterus. Usually, an endometrial cancer is characterized by abnormal division of cells that line the inner
membrane of the uterus, which results in the formation of a cancerous growth.
Endometrial cancer is a
hormone-dependent tumor; its cells depend on exogenous estrogens to divide. Therefore, treatment with
exogenous estrogen is associated with the risk
of having the disease. Usually, endometrial cancer occurs after menopause and is manifested primarily by vaginal
discharge and vaginal bleeding along with
fever and abdominal pain.
The main treatment of
endometrial cancer is surgical removal of the uterus and ovaries. In some cases, radiotherapy and chemotherapy
may be associated with the surgery to increase the chance of survival; unlike many other types of cancer,
healing is obtained in 70 to 80% of cases of endometrial cancer.