Home |About Us |Contact us

 logo

 
                                                                                       
                                                                                                                                                         Follow us cancer Follow cancer effects on twitter.com Follow cancer effects on YouTube.com
 

Broccoflower Health Benefits  

Broccoflower

Broccoflower, also called Romanesco broccoli, Roman cauliflower, Broccolo Romanesco, Romanesque cauliflower, or simply Romanesco, is a variety of cauliflower resembling broccoli by its apple green and cauliflower by its compact shape, but consists of a set of “pyramidal florets" arranged in spiral crowns. Due to its geometric shape (fractal), it is very special and decorative. 

 

In fact, among the entire family of cabbage, broccoflower is probably the most attractive and decorative. As a friend loves to say, it is impossible not to recognize this wonderful vegetable.  Its taste is mild with a distinct flavor that combines the flavors of cauliflower and broccoli but a little nutty. Children love it. But in addition to taste and beauty, romanesco has many nutritional values and excellent health benefits.  

 

Broccoflower Health Benefits 

 

Several epidemiological studies have shown that a high consumption of fruits and vegetables decreased the risk of cardiovascular disease, certain cancers and other chronic diseases declared incurable by the conventional medicine. The presence of antioxidants in fruits and vegetables may play a role in that protection. Among these cancer-fighting vegetables include the beautiful broccoflower.  

 

Low in calories, Roman cauliflower is an excellent anti-aging food. Like other varieties of cruciferous, it has protective properties against certain cancers: colon, liver, prostate, and others. Fiber and vitamin C are also very present in this beautiful healthy vegetable. Although few studies have been conducted on Romanesco, research has shown it is a powerful anti-cancer.   

 

Broccoflower and Cancer 

 

Several studies have shown that regular consumption of vegetables from the cruciferous family – Romanesco, cabbage, cauliflower, broccoli, Brussels sprouts, kale - could prevent some cancers, such as lung cancer, ovarian and kidney cancers. In animal studies, it is revealed that adding broccoflower in the diet promotes the action of a gene linked to the prevention of lung cancer. 

 

Although controversial, certain specialists believe consumption of the family of cruciferous vegetables reduces the risk of all types of cancer. A recent report published on The Cancer Journal shows that cruciferous vegetables have a specific protective effect on cancer risk.  Current epidemiological studies indicate over consumption of vegetables from the cruciferous family would especially reduce the risk of cancers of stomach and lung. But additional research is required to clarify this controversy. 

 

In vitro and animal studies have shown that some active compounds, indole-3-carbinol for instance, contained in Roman cauliflower could prevent tumor formation, decrease the growth of cancer cells and promote their self-destruction (apoptosis). Although these studies mainly focus on hormone-dependent cancers- breast cancer, prostate cancer- the results also show a beneficial effect against cervical cancer. Further research is needed before confirming these results in humans.  

 

Broccoflower and Metastatic Cancer 

 

Considering the currently available literature data suggest that frequent consumption of vegetables from the cruciferous family reduces the risk of metastatic cancer in some patients. That is, if you have been diagnosed with cancer, increase your intake of cauliflower, kale, broccoli, cabbage, and watercress, can help you keep the tumor under control.  

 

Is It True Eating Too Much Cruciferous Can Cause Thyroid Cancer? 

Cruciferous naturally contain thioglycosides, substances that have been found to have a connection with the development thyroid cancer in animals. However, a meta-analysis of studies from many countries and with more than 5000 people as well as a review involving many epidemiological studies have shown that a high consumption of Romanesco and other cruciferous was not associated with any increased risk of thyroid cancer in humans. 

 

 

 

References

 

1. Brennan P, Hsu CC, et al. Effect of cruciferous vegetables on lung cancer in patients stratified by genetic status: a mendelian randomisation approach. Lancet 2005 October 29;366(9496):1558-60.

2. Hu J, Mao Y, White K. Diet and vitamin or mineral supplements and risk of renal cell carcinoma in Canada. Cancer Causes Control 2003 October;14(8):705-14.

3. Pan SY, Ugnat AM, et al. A case-control study of diet and the risk of ovarian cancer. Cancer Epidemiol Biomarkers Prev 2004 September;13(9):1521-7.

4. van Breda SG, van AE, et al. Vegetables affect the expression of genes involved in carcinogenic and anticarcinogenic processes in the lungs of female C57BL/6 mice. J Nutr 2005 November;135(11):2546-52.

5. Zhang Y. Cancer-preventive isothiocyanates: measurement of human exposure and mechanism of action. Mutat Res 2004 November 2;555(1-2):173-90.

6. Conaway CC, Yang YM, Chung FL. Isothiocyanates as cancer chemopreventive agents: their biological activities and metabolism in rodents and humans. Curr Drug Metab 2002 June;3(3):233-55.

7. Firestone GL, Bjeldanes LF. Indole-3-carbinol and 3-3'-diindolylmethane antiproliferative signaling pathways control cell-cycle gene transcription in human breast cancer cells by regulating promoter-Sp1 transcription factor interactions. J Nutr 2003 July;133(7 Suppl):2448S-55S.

8. Gong Y, Sohn H, et al. 3,3'-Diindolylmethane is a novel mitochondrial H(+)-ATP synthase inhibitor that can induce p21(Cip1/Waf1) expression by induction of oxidative stress in human breast cancer cells. Cancer Res 2006 May 1;66(9):4880-7.

9. Hsu JC, Zhang J, et al. Indole-3-carbinol inhibition of androgen receptor expression and downregulation of androgen responsiveness in human prostate cancer cells. Carcinogenesis 2005 November;26(11):1896-904.

10. Qi M, Anderson AE, et al. Indole-3-carbinol prevents PTEN loss in cervical cancer in vivo. Mol Med 2005 January;11(1-12):59-63.

11. Dashwood RH. Indole-3-carbinol: anticarcinogen or tumor promoter in brassica vegetables?Chem Biol Interact 1998 March 12;110(1-2):1-5.

12. Zhang Y, Yao S, Li J. Vegetable-derived isothiocyanates: anti-proliferative activity and mechanism of action. Proc Nutr Soc 2006 February;65(1):68-75.

13. Bosetti C, Negri E, et al. A pooled analysis of case-control studies of thyroid cancer. VII. Cruciferous and other vegetables (International). Cancer Causes Control 2002 October;13(8):765-75.

14. Li L, Garvin DF. Molecular mapping of Or, a gene inducing beta-carotene accumulation in cauliflower (Brassica oleracea L. var. botrytis). Genome 2003 August;46(4):588-94.

15. He FJ, Nowson CA, et al. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables is related to a reduced risk of coronary heart disease: meta-analysis of cohort studies. J Hum Hypertens 2007;21:717-28.

16. Soerjomataram I, Oomen D, et al. Increased consumption of fruit and vegetables and future cancer incidence in selected European countries. Eur J Cancer 2010;46:2563-80.

17. Kim MK, Park JH. Conference on "Multidisciplinary approaches to nutritional problems". Symposium on "Nutrition and health". Cruciferous vegetable intake and the risk of human cancer: epidemiological evidence. Proc Nutr Soc 2009; 68: 103-110.

18. Herr I, Buchler MW. Dietary constituents of broccoli and other cruciferous vegetables: implications for prevention and therapy of cancer. Cancer Treat Rev 2010; 36: 377-383.

19. Dal ML, Bosetti C, La VC, Franceschi S. Risk factors for thyroid cancer: an epidemiological review focused on nutritional factors. Cancer Causes Control 2009; 20: 75-86.